Friday, 27 September 2013

[TUTORlAL] Installing Ubuntu Desktop on a Netbook



Welcome to My First Tutorial for this blog. This tutorial is specifically intended to those who wish to try Ubuntu Linux, maybe on an older PC. I decided to do this on my net book since it has been running reeeeaaaalllly slow with Windows 7, and as Windows 7's requirements are much higher than that of Ubuntu's I thought I'd install Ubuntu on my old net book. So here it goes.

First of all these are the minimum requirements for Ubuntu Linux compared to Windows 7.


Requirements:

Ubuntu 13.04 Raring Ringtail Requirements:
CPU: Pentium 4 / 1Ghz Processor
RAM(Minimal): 64 MB
RAM(Recommended): 512MB
Hard Drive: 5GB
 Windows 7 Requirements:
CPU: Pentium 4 / 1Ghz Processor
RAM(Minimal): 1GB
RAM(Recommended): 2GB
Hard Drive: 16GB
 Let's get on with it. Here's the step by step guide.

What you'll need:

  • A 2GB (or more) USB Flash Drive
  • Your Net book or PC (Quite Obvious)
  • A Backup Drive (For backup purposes)
  • Rufus Application (Download here)

Creating Your Installation Drive
  
1. Download Ubuntu

Download the latest ISO file by going to this link:  http://www.ubuntu.com/download/desktop

Make sure you choose the appropriate file according to your hardware (64Bit or 32 Bit)


2. Download Rufus

Rufus is a USB Formatting Utility. You need this application in order to set up your bootable USB Flash drive. You can download Rufus from here.

1. Run Rufus in Elevated Mode: 



2. Choose your USB Device and Volume Label:


3. Find your downloaded Ubuntu ISO Image:


4. Start Flashing!




You now have a Bootable Flash Drive!


Preparing your System for Ubuntu

1. Backup your files

I admit I hate this step. I am too lazy to go through all my files and folders and back them up into one. Here's where you might need your separate hard drive in order to back your files up. Remember that you are going to format your hard drive so you need to copy any useful data on another disk.

Note: Yes you can install multiple Operating Systems if you'd like, however I wouldn't recommend doing it on a limited Net Book's Hard Drive!


2. Setting Up Boot Device Priority

By default, your Net book or PC might be set to boot from your Hard drive, thus you need to set it to boot up from your USB Flash drive in order to install Ubuntu. First, insert your USB drive and restart the system. Once the Motherboard, or Laptop brand splash screen appears, press the boot device priority key indicated on the screen. You might need to enter BIOS/CMOS setup in order to do that, depending on your hardware. Also, keys may vary according to the hardware being used, however the most common keys are F2, F9, ESC and DEL, so if you're lost try one of those before booting.

Then, all you need is to set the USB Flash drive as First in Boot priority, save changes and restart again. Make sure your USB Flash disk is still inserted.


Installing Ubuntu 13.04



1. Try / Install Ubuntu

After the previous step, the Ubuntu installation should start automatically. You can just try Ubuntu before installing it, in Live Mode, however in Live mode you won't be able to use its full features.



2. Checking Requirments

In this step, Ubuntu Installer checks for your requirements. If you use Wi-Fi like me, then you will be able to choose your network as soon as you click Continue.




3. Installation Type and Encryption

You can either choose to keep Windows on another partition or just reformat the disk over Windows files, just as I did.


If you chose to encrypt your files, Ubuntu Installer will now ask you for a password.

NOTE: Do not Forget this Password!


4. Final Steps

Ubuntu Installer will now ask you for your Location, Keyboard layout, and your details to create your User Account






5. Installation

The Installation will then start copying files to your hard drive.


Once the Installation is complete, you will be asked for a restart. From now on you can remove your USB drive.



6. Voila!
Type in your password and Ubuntu will start booting up!



VOILA ! :)




And now I have an Ubuntu HP- Mini. Optimized for Windows 7, Runs best with Ubuntu. :D

The best part is, I'm posting this using that same Net Book!

I hope this Tutorial was of help to you, and if you have any problems or feedback just comment below. If you enjoyed or liked this post, it would be appreciated if you could share it, or Like the site's Facebook page / Follow on Twitter / G+ or subscribe via RSS or email. Thanks in Advance

Happy Ubuntu-ing!


2 comments:

  1. .Congratulations on you first blog. Very detailed and objective....apart for one issue. 64MB minumum for Ubuntu Desktop? Puppy Linux maybe. Although 64Mb can give you a command line Linux or perhaps a sparse graphical interface using an OLDER version of Ubuntu this is probably not possible with 13.04 https://help.ubuntu.com/community/Installation/LowMemorySystems . Of course whenever you say something is not possible, somebody else proves you wrong ;-) Any well done!!!

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    1. Thank you for such positive feedback. You are right, in fact I will change it accordingly as soon as I get home :).. I must have found it on an old guide!

      This is my first tutorial not my first blog :) You're welcome to check out any other blog posts. Thanks again for your comment.

      Alex

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